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According to the U.S. State Department, about 84% of cocaine trafficked to the United States passes through Central America and Mexico. A large but unknown proportion of opiates, as well as foreign-produced marijuana and methamphetamine, also flow through the same pathways. In September 2015, President Obama identified all seven Central American nations as “major drug transit” countries for the fifth consecutive year.
Peter J. Meyer, Clare Ribando Seelke, Central America Regional Security Initiative: Background and Policy Issues for Congress (Washington: Congressional Research Service, December 17, 2015): 7 <>.