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[Assistant Secretary of State for International Narcotics Control and Law Enforcement Affairs William Brownfield:] My estimate is that between 90 and 94 percent of all heroin consumed in the United States comes from Mexico. My estimate is that a very tiny percentage now, perhaps as little as 2 percent to 4 percent, comes from Colombia. And the remainder, which might be somewhere in the 4 to 6 percent category, comes from Asia, the majority of that coming from Afghanistan.

These numbers are obviously completely distorted from global numbers, since we also estimate that 80 percent – excuse me – of the world’s heroin is produced in Afghanistan, but very little of that comes to the United States of America. Not by the way, because it cannot reach North America; on the contrary, our neighbors to the north calculate that a majority of the heroin consumed in Canada, in fact, comes from Afghanistan. So it’s not that they cannot get their product into the United States; it is for other reasons that it is not at this time widely consumed in the United States of America.
Ambassador William R. Brownfield, Briefing on the International Narcotics Control Strategy Report (Washington: U.S. Department of State, March 2, 2017) <>.