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[Sen. Dianne Feinstein (D-California):] What is the dominant vessel now that's moving these drugs?

[Vice Admiral Charles W. Ray, Deputy Commandant for Operations, United States Coast Guard]: It's all of the above, ma'am. Primarily, it's what we call pangas, and there's various styles of those that originate. Those are pretty well purpose-built, open boats, anywhere from 25 to 35 feet long with multiple outboard engines. Purpose-built to move narcotics.

And this is-- just to put this in perspective. That's the Galapagos Islands, that hole that you see down there, and then, this area is as big as the continental United States, if you laid that along there. So this multi-thousand-mile-- that's because of the interdictions we were having in the littorals up closer to Central America, so they're delivering them, and that's where we are.

But we have a capacity challenge here. On any given day, we'll have between six to ten Coast Guard cutters down here with airborne use-of-force packages. But that's-- if you imagine placing that on the continental United States. So it's a capacity challenge.

What we have is, we have good intelligence on between 80 and 90 percent of these movements based on this team right here. So we have good intelligence. We only have the capacity to get after about 30 percent of those.
Adapting U.S. Counternarcotics Efforts in Colombia (Washington: U.S. Senate Caucus on International Narcotics Control, September 12, 2017) <>.