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Opium poppy cultivation in Mexico has increased significantly in recent years, reaching an estimated 32,000 hectares (ha) in 2016, with an estimated pure potential production of 81 metric tons of heroin. This was more than triple the amount potentially produced in 2013 (26 metric tons). This increase was driven in part by reduced poppy eradication in Mexico and Mexican organizations’ shift to increased heroin trafficking.
2017 National Drug Threat Assessment (Washington: U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration, September 30, 2017): 52 <https://www.dea.gov/docs/DIR-040-17_2017-NDTA.pdf>.